The genetic pool of the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) at the M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden (NBG) of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine includes more than 100 specimens collected from wild and cultivated plants in Ukraine, and cultivars of Bulgarian, Slovak, English, Austrian and Georgian selection. The genetic pool of cornelian cherry of the NBG presents a rich variety of biological and economic properties. Data on the content of anthocyanins and flavonols in the fruits of Cornus mas cultivars with early, medium and late fruit maturation periods are presented. The fruits of the Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. (CO-01, CO-02) and the hybrid Cornus mas × Cornus officinalis (cultivars Etude No 1 and No 2) were also studied. As a result of the study, it was found that the content of anthocyanins and flavonols in the fruits of Cornus has a significant difference in cultivars. Among C. mas cultivars with early fruit ripening, the most promising as a source of bioflavonoids preparations are ’Pervenets‘ and ’Volodimirskij‘, among C. mas cultivars with an average fruit ripening period, the most promising are the cultivars Mrіya Shajdarovoi, Vydubetskyi and Titus, among the C. mas cultivars with a late fruit ripening period, the most promising are the cultivar Sokoline. Also promising are the hybrid C. mas × C. officinalis (cultivar Etude No. 1 and No. 2). These most promising cultivars and forms must commend for use in the food and medical sectors of the national economy.
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